Water availability analysis of multiple source groundwater supply systems in water stressed urban centers: case of Lodwar municipality, Kenya

Authors: Charles O. Maxwell, Simeon Dulo, Daniel O. Olago, and Patts M.A. Odira

Ensuring water security to urban population in fragile environments through interlinked systems of groundwater abstraction, storage and distribution of sufficient quantity is challenging especially to urban utilities situated in arid and semi-arid regions. The purpose of this research was to evaluate water delivery challenges for water utilities in fragile environment in Kenya.

A systematic analysis of availability from each supply sub-components from source to consumer was carried out through water audit and network analysis by employing water flow measurement equipments and through pump performance analysis and by employing continuity equation and Bernoulli’s principle to sections of the network. 

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